Art & Culture
Cambodia today is one of the world's newest and exiting travel destinations in South East Asia. After 25 year of isolation, Cambodia opened to tourists in the mid-1990s and tourist’s numbers have increased every year since - last year the country seeing more than a million tourists.
Cambodia’s primary tourist destinations - Angkor Wat, Siem Reap, the cultural attractions in the capital Phnom Penh, and the beaches of Sihanoukville - offer plenty of accommodations, restaurants and other tourist services. Now You ever heard of '''Kingdom of Wonder' which in promotion campaign.
Most Cambodians consider themselves to be Khmers, descendants of the Angkor Empire that extended over much of Southeast Asia and reached its zenith between the 10th and 13th centuries. Attacks by the Thai and Cham (from present-day Vietnam) weakened the empire, ushering in a long period of decline.
The king placed the country under French protection in 1863, and it became part of French Indochina in 1887. Following Japanese occupation in World War II, Cambodia gained full independence from France in 1953.
In April 1975, after a five-year struggle, communist Khmer Rouge forces captured Phnom Penh and evacuated all cities and towns. At least 1.5 million Cambodians died from execution, forced hardships, or starvation during the Khmer Rouge regime under POL POT. A December 1978 Vietnamese invasion drove the Khmer Rouge into the countryside, began a 10-year Vietnamese occupation, and touched off almost 13 years of civil war.
The 1991 Paris Peace Accords mandated democratic elections and a ceasefire, which was not fully respected by the Khmer Rouge. UN-sponsored elections in 1993 helped restore some semblance of normalcy under a coalition government. Factional fighting in 1997 ended the first coalition government, but a second round of national elections in 1998 led to the formation of another coalition government and renewed political stability. The remaining elements of the Khmer Rouge surrendered in early 1999.
Some of the surviving Khmer Rouge leaders have been tried or are awaiting trial for crimes against humanity by a hybrid UN-Cambodian tribunal supported by international assistance. Elections in July 2003 were relatively peaceful, but it took one year of negotiations between contending political parties before a coalition government was formed.
In October 2004, King Norodom SIHANOUK abdicated the throne and his son, Prince Norodom SIHAMONI, was selected to succeed him. Local elections were held in Cambodia in April 2007, with little of the pre-election violence that preceded prior elections. National elections in July 2008 were relatively peaceful, as were commune council elections in June 2012.
Cambodia is a monarchy country situated in the Indochinese Peninsula adjacent to the gulf of Thailand. It covers the land area of 181,035 km2. bordered by Vietnam (1,228 km), Thailand (803 km) and Laos (541 km), as well as 443 km of coastline.
The land typography is characterized by a central floodplain surrounded by Cardamom Mountains in the southwest, Dangrek mountains in the north (border to Thailand), and the coastal-marine ecosystem in the southwest.
Administratively, Cambodia is divided into 24 provinces-municipalities. The total Cambodian population is about 14 million people (48.6% males and 51.40% females) of which 26% of households are headed by women.
Cambodia in Brief
- Funan Kingdom 68
- Chenla Kingdom 550
- Khmer Empire 802
- French Colonization 1863
- Independence from France November 9, 1953
- Monarchy Restored
Country Name: The Kingdom of Cambodia
Motto: nation, religion, king
Government: Constitutional Monarchy
King: Norodom Sihamoni
Priminister: Samdach Hun Sen
Administration: 24 Provincial, City divided into Srok
(District), Khum (Sub-district), Phum (Village)
Location: 11 33' N, 104. 55' E (Phnom Penh); Southeast
Asia, bordered by Vietnam, Thailand and Laos and the South China Sea
Capital: Phnom Penh (11.33′N 104.55′E)
Official Language: Khmer
Flag: The red, white and blue stripes symbolize the nation,
Buddhism, and the monarchy, respectively.
Religion: Thervada Buddhism (97%), Islam, Christianity, Animism
Ethnic Groups: Khmer (~95%), ethnic-Chinese, ethnic-Vietnamese, Cham, several ethnic minority groups, most located in the northeastern section of the country (groups include: Kuy, Mnong, Stieng, Brao, Tampuan, Pear, Jarai, Radee, Brao, Krung and Kavet.)
Government: Democratic Constitution and Monarchy
Typography: Mostly low, flat plains; mountains in southwest and north
Population: 14,071,000 (63rd), 1998 census: 11,437,656
Density: 78/km² (121st), 201/sq mi
GDP (PPP): 2003 estimate, $29,344 million (86th), Per capita $2,074 (143rd)
HDI (2004): 0.571 (130th) – medium
Land Area: 181,035 km² (88th), 69,898 sq
Major Geographic Features: Tonle Sap Lake, Mekong River, Tonle Sap River, Bassac River, Mt. Oral
Tourist Attractions: Angkor Wat, Bayon, Temples of Angkor, National Museum, Royal Palace, Killing Fields, Beaches, Eco-tourism
Independent: From France, declared 1949, Recognized 1953
Currency: Riel 1 (KHR)
Time Zone: (UTC+7)
Internet TLD: .kh
Calling code: +855
Time: GMT +7 hours
Business Hours: 7:30-11:00 / 2:00-5:00 - Closed Saturday afternoon and Sunday