Cambodia today is one of the world’s newest and exiting travel destinations in South East Asia. After 25 year of isolation, Cambodia opened to tourists in the mid-1990s and tourist’s numbers have increased every year since – last year the country seeing more than a million tourists.
Cambodia’s primary tourist destinations – Angkor Wat Siem Reap, the cultural attractions in the capital Phnom Penh, and the beaches of Sihanoukville – offer plenty of accommodations, restaurants and other tourist services. Now You ever heard of ”’Kingdom of Wonder’ which in promotion campaing.
Most Cambodians consider themselves to be Khmers, descendants of the Angkor Empire that extended over much of Southeast Asia and reached its zenith between the 10th and 13th centuries. Attacks by the Thai and Cham (from present-day Vietnam) weakened the empire, ushering in a long period of decline.
The king placed the country under French protection in 1863, and it became part of French Indochina in 1887. Following Japanese occupation in World War II, Cambodia gained full independence from France in 1953.
In April 1975, after a five-year struggle, communist Khmer Rouge forces captured Phnom Penh and evacuated all cities and towns. At least 1.5 million Cambodians died from execution, forced hardships, or starvation during the Khmer Rouge regime under POL POT. A December 1978 Vietnamese invasion drove the Khmer Rouge into the countryside, began a 10-year Vietnamese occupation, and touched off almost 13 years of civil war.
The 1991 Paris Peace Accords mandated democratic elections and a ceasefire, which was not fully respected by the Khmer Rouge. UN-sponsored elections in 1993 helped restore some semblance of normalcy under a coalition government. Factional fighting in 1997 ended the first coalition government, but a second round of national elections in 1998 led to the formation of another coalition government and renewed political stability. The remaining elements of the Khmer Rouge surrendered in early 1999.
Some of the surviving Khmer Rouge leaders have been tried or are awaiting trial for crimes against humanity by a hybrid UN-Cambodian tribunal supported by international assistance. Elections in July 2003 were relatively peaceful, but it took one year of negotiations between contending political parties before a coalition government was formed.
In October 2004, King Norodom SIHANOUK abdicated the throne and his son, Prince Norodom SIHAMONI, was selected to succeed him. Local elections were held in Cambodia in April 2007, with little of the pre-election violence that preceded prior elections. National elections in July 2008 were relatively peaceful, as were commune council elections in June 2012.
Cambodia is a monarchy country situated in the Indochinese Peninsula adjacent to the gulf of Thailand. It covers the land area of 181,035 km2. bordered by Vietnam (1,228 km), Thailand (803 km) and Laos (541 km), as well as 443 km of coastline.
The land typography is characterized by a central floodplain surrounded by Cardamom Mountains in the southwest, Dangrek mountains in the north (border to Thailand), and the coastal-marine ecosystem in the southwest.
Administratively, Cambodia is divided into 24 provinces-municipalities. The total Cambodian population is about 14 million people (48.6% males and 51.40% females) of which 26% of households are headed by women.