Geography of Cambodia (Khmer: ភូមិសាស្រ្តប្រទេសកម្ពុជា) The kingdom of Cambodia is located in the suth of Indochina peninsula and in the heart of Southeast Asia, making it a natural gateway to Loa, Thailand, Indochina, Myanmar and Vietnam. Its shape and geography divide into four natural regions : the mountains and forests in the North; the vast rice fields of the Central Plains; the semi-arid farm lands of the Northeast plateau; and the tropical islands and long coastline of the peninsula South.
Cambodia’s two dominant topographical features are the Mekong River system is almost 5km wide in places, and the Tonlé Sap lake. The Mekong River, which rises in Tibet, flows about 486km through Cambodia before continuing, via southern Vietnam, to the South China Sea. At Phnom Penh, it splits into the Upper River (Tonle Mekong Leu) and the Lower River (The Bassac River or Tonle Mekong Krom). Tonlé Sap Lake is linked to the Mekong at Phnom Penh by a 100km-long channel knon as the Tonlé Sap river. From mi-May to early October (the Rainy Season) the level of the Mekong rised, backing up the Tonlé Sap river and causing it to flow north-west into the Tonlé Sap lake. During the dry season, the Tonlé Sap river reversed its flow, draining the waters of the lake back into the Mekong. This extraordinary process makes the Tonlé Sap lake one of the world’s richest sources of freshwater fish. It is estimated that the lake provides alivelihood for about 40% of the Cambodian population and its fish provide almost 60% of the country try’s fish protein intake.
The country consists of 24 provinces that are further divided into districts, sub districts and villages. Phnom Penh is the capital city and centre of political, commercial, industrial and cultural activities. It is also the seat of Cambodia’s ‘s revered Royal Family, with His Majesty the King recognized as Head of State, Upholder of the Buddhist religion and Upholder of all religions.
Cambodia is a constitutional monarchy with His Majesty the King recognised as Head of State, Upholder of the Buddhist religion and Upholder of all religions. Cambodia is a constitutional monarchy with His Majesty King Norodom Shihanouk, the ninth king of the Chakri Dynasty, the present king. The King has reigned for more than half a century, making him the longest reigning khmer monarch. Cambodia clinch a rich diversity of cultures and traditions. With its proud history, tropical climate and renowned hospitality, the Kingdom is a never-ending source of fascination and pleasure for international visitors.
Cambodian Typography(Khmer: សណ្ធានដីកម្ពុជា) In general, Cambodia is deep and plain at the middle. The country enclosed by mountains, plateau, and coastal areas at the Southwest part. By the principle of tourist-area development, Cambodia has been divided into 4 natural regions:
The mountainous and plateau south-west, much of the area between the Gulf of Thailand and the Tonle Sap lake is covered by a highland region formed by two distinct upland blocks: The Chuor Phnom Kravanh (Cardamom Mountains) in south-western Battambang Province and Pursat Province, and the Chuor Phnom Dam Rei (Elephant Mountains) in the provinces of Kompong Speu, Koh Kong and Kampot. These area have its profusion of multi-colored orchids, fascinating native handicrafts and winter temperatures are sufficiently cool to permit cultivation of temperate fruits such as strawberries and peaches; Along the southern coast is a heavily forested lowland strip isolated from the rest of the country by the mountains to the north. Cambodia’s highest peak is Phnom Aoral (1813m), in Pursat Province. and Along Cambdoia’s nothern border with Thailand, the plains abut an east-west oriented sandstone escarpment, more than 300km long and 180m to 550m in height, that marks the southern limit of Chuor Phnom Dangkrek (Dangkrek Mountains). There are provinces of Kampong Speu, Preah Vihear, Ratanakiri, Stueng Treng, Kratie and Mondulkiri (68,061 Square Kilometers).
The Central Plain, one of the world’s most fertile rice and fruit-growing areas with colorful traditional culture and way of life as well as the many valuable ancient temple and cosmopolitan Phnom Penh City and there are provinces of Kandal, Kampong Cham Svay Rieng, Prey Veng and Takeo (67,668 Square Kilometers.
Tonle Sap Area central, which still jealously guards its many archaeological and anthropological mysteries and fishing. Around the Tolésap lake is a low-lying alluvial plain where the vast majority of Cambodian live. The Tolésap Lake swells about 67,668 square Kilometers and consists of provinces of Kampong Thom, Siem Reap, Banteay meanchey, Battambang, Pursat, Kampong Chhang, Uddar Meanchey adn Pailin City (67,668 square Kilometers).
The Coastal Area south, where the unspoiled beaches and idyllic islands complement economically vital tin mining, rubber cultivation, coconut, pepper plantation, inundated forest and away of life sea fishing. There are provinces of Sihanouk Ville and Provinces of Kampot, Koh Kong and Kep City (17,237 Square Kilometers)